The human body consists of about 100 trillion cells. In large part, these cells renew themselves regularly. Every second, about 50,000 cells die, at the same time, 50,000 cells are regenerated.
This process doesn’t always function smoothly. Over time, misfolded proteins, defective cell organelles, and “cell waste” can accumulate and become trapped in our body. To ensure that this waste does not negatively affect our body’s functions, there is a recycling system that our body developed itself. This system is called autophagy.